A short is when an investment is set up such that it will profit if the price of something goes down. For example, you can โ€œshortโ€ the oil price โ€“ effectively, youโ€™re betting that itโ€™ll go down. Shorting can be very profitable (anybody who shorted the oil price in 2014 would have made a lot of money) but is also very risky (because you can lose more than what you invested).

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